INST 368: History of Canada’s
First Nations to 1830 Report a Broken Link

History of Canada's First Nations to 1830 introduces major themes in the political, social, and economic history of Canada's first peoples from their earliest appearance in the Americas to the period when European usurpation of Native lands had become unstoppable.

Required Readings


The required readings for this course are found in the course package. This Digital Reading Room does not include any required readings.

Unit 1


Canada in the First Nations Period

From this site, click on “Volume 1: Looking Forward, Looking Back.” Read Section 1: “Getting Started,” and Section 2: “A Demographic Profile.” (Unit 1, Section 1.1)

From this site, locate “Part One: The Relationship in Historical Perspective,” and click on Section 3: “Conceptions of History.” (Unit 1, Section 1.3)

The home page for Indian and Northern Affairs Canada is found at http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100010002.

Discusses various aspects of Native spirituality. The Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance home page is found at http://www.religioustolerance.org/. (Unit 1, Section 1.7)

Mandelbaum, David. 1979. The Plains Cree: An Ethnographic, Historical, and Comparative Study. Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina.

Use this link to request a print copy of this article from the AU Library.
Nova Scotia Museum. 1997. Mikmaq Portraits Collection.
A collection of portraits and illustrations in various media of the Mi’kmaq of Atlantic Canada. The Nova Scotia Museum home page is located at http://museum.gov.ns.ca/. (Unit 1, Section 1.9)
Totem Poles and Sculptures.
Photos, descriptions, and discussion of various topics related to totem poles. The NativeOnline.com home page is found at http://www.nativeonline.com/contents.html. (Unit 1, Section 1.9)
The Aztecs/Mexicas.
Explores the history of the pre-contact Aztec. The Indians.org home page is found at http://www.indians.org/index.html. (Unit 1, Section 1.10)
Cherokee Nation Cultural site.
Information provided by the Cultural Resources Center of the Cherokee Nation. The Official Cherokee Nation home page is found at http://www.cherokee.org/. (Unit 1, Section 1.11)

Prepared by the National Public Telecomputing Network and the Constitution Society. The Constitution Society home page is found at http://www.constitution.org/. (Unit 1, Section 1.12)

Supplementary Readings


A selection of supplementary materials is provided below for your further interest and exploration of topics discussed in the Study Guide. Note, however, that you are not required to make use of these materials. The relevant unit and section are given in parentheses for each supplementary item.

Unit 2


Enter Europeans

The Applied History Research Group home page is found at http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/. (Unit 2, Section 2.3)
Library and Archives Canada. 2000. Donnacona.
Entry for Donnacona. The Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online home page is found at http://www.biographi.ca/EN/index.html. (Unit 2, Section 2.3)

Extensive descriptions of the Beothuk and their material culture. The Newfoundland and Labrador home page is found at http://www.heritage.nf.ca/home.html. (Unit 2, Section 2.6)

Entry for Shawnadithit. The Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online home page is found at http://www.biographi.ca/EN/index.html. (Unit 2, Section 2.6)

Discussion of the conquest of the Aztec empire, within a larger discussion of the European voyages of exploration during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The Applied History Research Group home page is found at http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/firstnations/home.html. (Unit 2, Section 2.7)

Discussion of the conquest of the Inca empire, within a larger discussion of the European voyages of exploration during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The Applied History Research Group home page is found at http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/firstnations/home.html. (Unit 2, Section 2.8)

Entry for Pastedechouan. The Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online home page is found at http://www.biographi.ca/EN/index.html. (Unit 2, Section 2.13)

Entry for Thanadelthur. The Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online home page is found at http://www.biographi.ca/EN/index.html. (Unit 2, Section 2.14)

Entry for Pierre La Vérendrye. The Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online home page is found at http://www.biographi.ca/EN/index.html. (Unit 2, Section 2.14)

Unit 3


First Nations in a “British North America”
Tecumseh: Shawnee Warrior.
This article is hosted by geocities.com. The geocities home page is found at http://www.geocities.com/. (Unit 3, Section 3.2)
Métis Culture and Heritage Resource Centre Inc.
Provides extensive Métis resource materials. (Unit 3, Section 3.5)