POEC 395: Global Development Strategies Report a Broken Link

Unit 1: Introduction: The Construction of the Third World from Western (or European) Perspectives

Required Readings
From the text
Development and Disorder: A History of the Third World Since 1945 by Mike Mason (Toronto: Between the Lines, 1997). (Hereafter, this text will be referred to as “Mason.”)

Chapter 1, “The Third World: From Western Perspectives,” pp. 1–41.
From the text
Political Development in Emerging Nations: Is There Still a Third World? by Howard J. Wiarda (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2004). (Hereafter, this text will be referred to as “Wiarda”).

Chapter 1, “Introduction: The Wide World of the Developing Nations,” pp. 1–27.
Supplementary Readings
Publisher’s Abstract:
“This book explains the rise of the West from 1400 onward in world economic and demographic terms, with a sweeping historical perspective that places it in clear conjunction with the decline of the East around 1800. In a bold challenge to received historiography and social theory, the author turns on its head the world according to Marx, Weber, and other theorists, including Polanyi, Rostow, Braudel, and Wallerstein. European states, he says, used the silver extracted from the American colonies to buy entry into an expanding Asian market that already flourished in the global economy. Resorting to import substitution and export promotion in the world market, they became Newly Industrializing Economies and tipped the global economic balance to the West. That is precisely what East Asia is doing today, the author points out, to recover its traditional dominance. As a result, the “centre” of the world economy is once again moving to the “Middle Kingdom” of China.”
The term globalization as used by social scientists and in popular discourse has many meanings. The authors contend that it is important to distinguish between globalization as a contemporary political ideology and structural globalization—the increasing worldwide density of large-scale interaction networks relative to the density of smaller networks. They study one type of economic globalization over the past two centuries: the trajectory of international trade as a proportion of global production. Is trade globalization a recent phenomenon, a long-term upward trend, or a cyclical process? Using an improved measure of trade globalization, they find that there have been three waves since 1795. The article discusses the possible causes of these pulsations of global integration and their implications for the early decades of the twenty-first century.

Unit 2: Development Strategies in Latin America and the Caribbean

Required Readings
Mason, Chapter 2, “Latin America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico,” pp. 43–100.
Mason, Chapter 3, “The Caribbean: Jamaica, Haiti, and Cuba,” pp. 103–146.
Wiarda, Chapter 3, “Disillusionment with Development: Military Coups and the Emergence of Bureaucratic Authoritarianism,”
pp. 47–66.
Wiarda, Chapter 6, “Neo-liberalism and its Problems,” pp. 115–135.
Supplementary Readings
Blending macro-level global and national analysis with in-depth grassroots detail, the contributors highlight roots of injustices within the so called “triumph of democracy and markets,” how they are perceived, and efforts to alleviate them. The essays in this book elucidate how conceptions of justice are socially constructed, contested, and historically contingent and shaped by people’s values and institutionally grounded in real-life experiences.

Unit 3: Development Strategies in Africa and the Middle East

Required Readings
Mason, Chapter 5, “Africa: Ghana, Kenya, and South Africa,”
pp. 203–251.
Mason, Chapter 4, “The Middle East: Turkey, Iran, and Egypt,” pp. 149–200.
Wiarda, Chapter 5, “Transitions to Democracy in the Developing World,” pp. 87–113.
Supplementary Readings
This article explores the nature and definition of the neo-liberal project’s expansion in Africa, especially the way it signals an economic doctrine which can only be realized as a broader sociopolitical project.
This article questions the prevalent socio-liberal conclusions about Islam and global terrorism in the world system. The article also refutes the Huntington’s hypothesis of the incompatibility of Islam and successful socio-economic development.

Unit 4: Development Strategies in Southeast and East Asia

Required Readings
Mason, Chapter 7, “Southeast Asia: Vietnam, Cambodia, and Indonesia,” pp. 299–340.
Wiarda, Chapter 4, “Developmental Success Stories: the Rise of the NICs,” pp. 67–88.
Supplementary Readings

Borthwick, Mark, ed. Pacific Century: The Emergence of Modern Pacific Asia. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2007.

This book contains extensive case studies of the politics and economic conditions of countries in East and South East Asia.

Use this form to request a print copy of this article from the AU Library.

Unit 5: Development Strategies in India and China: Emergent Global Leaders?

Required Readings
Mason, Chapter 8, “China,” pp. 343–377.
Mason, Chapter 6, “South Asia: India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh,” pp. 253–297.
Supplementary Readings
Publisher’s abstract:
China and India’s new-found interest in trade and investment with Africa—home to 300 million of the globe’s poorest people and the world’s most formidable development challenge—presents a significant opportunity for growth and integration of the Sub-Saharan continent into the global economy. Africa’s Silk Road finds that China and India’s South-South commerce with Africa is about far more than natural resources, opening the way for Africa to become a processor of commodities and a competitive supplier of goods and services to these countries—a major departure from its long established relations with the North. A growing number of Chinese and Indian businesses active in Africa operate on a global scale, work with world-class technologies, produce products and services according to the most demanding standards, and foster the integration of African businesses into advanced markets. There are significant imbalances, however, in these emerging commercial relationships.

Unit 6: Development Strategies in the Post-Communist World

Required Readings
Supplementary Readings

Unit 7: Conclusion: Re–assessing Development in an Era of Globalization

Required Readings
Alternative link:
Supplementary Readings
Ronald Aronica and Mtetwa Ramdoo. The World is Flat?: A Critical Analysis of Thomas L. Friedman’s New York Times Bestseller. Tampa, FL: Meghan-Kiffer, 2006.
Joseph Stiglitz. “Development Policies in a World of Globalization.” In Putting Development First: The Importance of Policy Space in the WTO and International Financial Institutions, 15–32, edited by Kevin P. Gallagher. New York: St Martin’s Press, 2005.