INST 440: Principles of Indigenous Business Report a Broken Link

Indigenous peoples in Canada are becoming increasingly active in economic development. Indigenous peoples want to develop an economic system that will improve their socioeconomic circumstances, build economic self-reliance, support self-government, and preserve and strengthen traditional aspects of their society. While there is no single "Indigenous economy" and Indigenous communities are each developing their economies differently, most involve the development of some form of business community as the primary driving force for economic development. INST 440 - Principles of Indigenous Business will provide theoretical and practical knowledge to set-up and manage an Indigenous-owned and operated business.

The purpose of this course is to assist students to develop an understanding of the issues affecting business and the organizational and managerial challenges involved in managing a modern business organization, all within the context of Indigenous communities - their needs, their values and their principles. The focus is on small business projects however the basic concepts and theories can be applied on a more gobal basis.

The course begins by looking at the broad issues of Indigenous economic development and the role business development plays in this process. How Indigenous values and practices can co-exist with modern business practices will be discussed. After placing business development within an Indigenous context, the course will look at various issues raised when starting-up and managing a business, including: What form of business organization to create, how to develop a business plan, the importance of marketing, the need for financial planning and how to manage staff.

The primary sources for this course will be two textbooks, 'Aboriginal Entrepreneurship and Business Development' and 'Aboriginal Small Business and Entrepreneurship in Canada', supplemented with a number of articles. Case studies will also be used to provide real-life experiences. Students will gain some practical experience by completing their assignments which involve developing and considering various issues raised in hypothetical Indigenous business.

Lesson 1


Required Readings
Kelly Lendsay & Wanda Wuttunee, 1999. "Historical Economic Perspectives of Aboriginal Peoples: Cycles of Balance and Partnership" Vol.1, Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development pp. 87-101.
The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. 1996. Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, Volume 2, Chapter 5: "Economic Development"-Section 1: Understanding Aboriginal Economies
David Caldwell and Pamela Hunt. 1998. "Aboriginal Businesses: Characteristics and Strategies for Growth." Occasional Paper #20. Canada: Industry Canada. pp. 13-16.

Lesson 2


Required Readings
Anderson, Robert B. 2002. Aboriginal Entrepreneurship and Business Development. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapters 1 & 2.
Stephen Cornell & Joseph Kalt, 1998. "Sovereignty and Nation Building: The Development Challenge in Indian Country Today" Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development.
The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. 1996. Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, Volume 2, Chapter 5: "Economic Development"-Sections 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.6, & 2.10.
Wein, Fred. 1999. "Nine Steps to Rebuild Aboriginal Economies" Vol. 1, No. 1, Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development. pp. 102.
Newhouse, David. 2001. "Resistance is Futile: Aboriginal Peoples Meet the Borg of Capitalism" Vol. 2, No. 1 Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development p. 75.
Newhouse, David. 1999. "Development of Aboriginal Economy Over the Next 20 Years"Vol. 1, No. 1 Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development 68.

Lesson 3


Required Readings
Anderson, Robert B. 2002. Aboriginal Entrepreneurship and Business Development. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapters 3 & 4.
Chiste, Katherine Beaty (ed.). 1996. Aboriginal Small Business and Entrepreneurship in Canada. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapters 2 & 3

Lesson 4


Required Readings
Anderson, Robert B. 2002. Aboriginal Entrepreneurship and Business Development. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapter 5, pp. 99-111
Fraser, Sarah Jane. 2002. "An Exploration of Joint Ventures as a Sustainable Development Tool For First Nations." Vol. 3, No. 1 Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development. pp. 40.
L. Hammond Ketilson & I. Macpherson. 2002. "Aboriginal Co-operatives in Canada: A Sustainable Development Strategy Whose Time Has Come." Vol. 1, No. 1 Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development. pp. 45
Supplementary Readings
Dr. Lou Hammond Ketilson & I. MacPherson. 2001. Aboriginal Co-operatives in Canada: Current Situation and Potential for Growth. Saskatoon: Centre for the Study of Co-Operatives, University of Saskatchewan.

Yates, Richard. 1999. Business Law in Canada, Fifth Edition. Scarborough, ON: Prentice-Hall Canada Inc. pp. 381-437.

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Lesson 5


Required Readings
Anderson, Robert B. 2002. Aboriginal Entrepreneurship and Business Development. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapter 5, pp. 111-118 & Chapter 12.
Chiste, Katherine Beaty (ed.). 1996. Aboriginal Small Business and Entrepreneurship in Canada. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapters 5 & 6.
Supplementary Readings
John McBride with Ray Gerow. 2002. Minding Our Own Businesses: How to Create Support in First Nations Communities for Aboriginal Business. Burnaby, B.C.: Community Economic Development Centre, Simon Fraser University. pp. 4-16, and 25-29.

Lesson 6


Required Readings
Anderson, Robert B. 2002. Aboriginal Entrepreneurship and Business Development. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapter 6.
Chiste, Katherine Beaty (ed.). 1996. Aboriginal Small Business and Entrepreneurship in Canada. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapter 4.

Lesson 7


Required Readings
Anderson, Robert B. 2002. Aboriginal Entrepreneurship and Business Development. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapter 7.
Chiste, Katherine Beaty (ed.). 1996. Aboriginal Small Business and Entrepreneurship in Canada. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapter 7.
Globe and Mail marketing supplement prepared for Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. 2001. "Arctic Beverages Serves Unique Niche: Lone Aboriginal Pepsi Franchise in the World." In: On the Move: First Nations and Inuit Entrepreneurs.
Eric Henson & Zeljika Bosner. "I'tchik Herbs: Ancient Tradition-Progressive Future." University of Lethbridge: BESS, 1995.

Lesson 8


Required Readings
Anderson, Robert B. 2002. Aboriginal Entrepreneurship and Business Development. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapters 8 & 11.
Chiste, Katherine Beaty (ed.). 1996. Aboriginal Small Business and Entrepreneurship in Canada. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapters 8 & 11.
Supplementary Readings

Woodward, Jack. 1994. Native Law. Toronto: Carswell. Looseleaf at Chapter 12, "Taxation" pp. 299-316.13.

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Hurley, John.

2002. "Aboriginal Taxation in Canada" in Aboriginal Law (Conference Materials). Insight Press.

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Lesson 9


Required Readings
Anderson, Robert B. 2002. Aboriginal Entrepreneurship and Business Development. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapter 9.
Chiste, Katherine Beaty (ed.). 1996. Aboriginal Small Business and Entrepreneurship in Canada. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapter 9.
Lozinski, Shannon. "Aboriginal Consulting Services and Eagle Feather News." University of Lethbridge: BESS, 2000.

Lesson 10


Required Readings
Anderson, Robert B. 2002. Aboriginal Entrepreneurship and Business Development. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapter 10.
Chiste, Katherine Beaty (ed.). 1996. Aboriginal Small Business and Entrepreneurship in Canada. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapter 10.
Supplementary Readings
Yates, Richard.

1999. Business Law in Canada, Fifth Edition. Scarborough, ON: Prentice-Hall Canada Inc. pp. 315-380.

Use this form to request a print copy of this article from the AU Library.
Eric Henson & Zeljika Bosner. "I'tchik Herbs: Ancient Tradition-Progressive Future." University of Lethbridge: BESS, 1995. Case Study

Lesson 11


Required Readings
Anderson, Robert B. 2002. Aboriginal Entrepreneurship and Business Development. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapter 13.
Chiste, Katherine Beaty (ed.). 1996. Aboriginal Small Business and Entrepreneurship in Canada. North York, ON: Captus Press Inc., Chapter 12.
Miriam Jorgensen & Jonathon Tayor. "What Determines Indian Economic Success? Evidence from Tribal and Individual Indian Enterprises." Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development, 2000.
Weir, Warren. "Mahemigew Inc." University of Lethbridge: BESS, 1997.