MAIS 618: English in Question: Critical Reflections on the Rise of a Global Language Report a Broken Link

In MAIS 618 students have the opportunity to survey and critically evaluate the worldwide spread of English and its geographic, economic, cultural, institutional, and environmental impact. Course participants have the opportunity to pursue their own research interests in a number of areas.

  • Geographic regions considered may include the Americas, Europe, Asia, Africa, the South Pacific, Australia and New Zealand, and the Middle East.
  • Cultural and economic issues considered may include the linguistic rights of minorities, the impact on national and local languages of regional economic integration (NAFTA), and debates over standards in and varieties of English.
  • Institutional issues considered may include the practical and theoretical implications of global English for ESL/EFL teaching and learning, the status of non-native English teachers, and the role of linguistics and applied linguistics in the spread of English.
  • Environmental issues considered may include relations between cultural and biological diversity, links between the growth of English and declining biodiversity, and the death of indigenous languages and the related loss of botanical, medical, and other forms of "ecological" knowledge.

Unit 1

Supplementary Materials
Please note that the "General Supplementary Materials and Works Cited" listing, which will be useful to you in researching your essays and throughout the course, follows the unit-by-unit breakdown of supplementary materials below.
This site has been linked to information maintained by Working Papers in TESOL & Applied Linguistics, Teachers College, Columbia University, at

Unit 2

Supplementary Materials
Phillipson, Robert, and Tove Skutnabb-Kangas.

Phillipson, Robert, and Tove Skutnabb-Kangas. "Englishisation: One Dimension of Globalisation." English in a Changing World. Ed. David Graddol and Ulrike H. Meinhof. Oxford: Catchline, 1999. 19-36.

Use this form to request a print copy of this article from the AU Library.

Unit 3

Supplementary Readings
Ricento, Thomas.

"Review of Phillipson 1992." TESOL Quarterly 28 (1994): 421-427.

Use this form to request a print copy of this article from the AU Library.

Unit 4

Supplementary Materials
Alatis, James, and Caroline Straehle.

"The Universe of English: Imperialism, Chauvinism, and Paranoia." World Englishes 2000. Ed. Larry E. Smith and Michael L. Forman. Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 1997. 1-20.

This article argues that Phillipson's analysis of the role of the United States in furthering linguistic imperialism is based on a mistaken assessment of US language policies and the ways in which they have historically functioned.

Use this form to request a print copy of this article from the AU Library.

Unit 5

Supplementary Readings

Unit 6

Supplementary Materials

Unit 7

Required Readings
Supplementary Readings
Pennycook, Alastair.

"The Myth of English as an International Language." English in Australia 139 (2004): 26-32.

Special joint issue with Literacy Learning: The Middle Years 12.1 (February 2004).

Use this form to request a print copy of this article from the AU Library.

Unit 8

Supplementary Materials

Unit 9

Supplementary Materials

Unit 10

Supplementary Materials

Unit 11

Required Readings
This work is good on the subject of globalization. It also emphasizes the local impact and implications of the globalization of English, and thus is useful in relation to MAIS 618's emphasis on the impact of English as an international language's always being felt in specific local contexts. View contents.

Unit 12

Required Readings
You are asked to read the material in the next four entries as general background for Unit 12. Please note that the students who will be writing a Reaction Paper for Unit 12 are not required to include in their Reaction Paper any analysis or discussion of these readings.

Supplementary Materials

Unit 13

Supplementary Materials

Unit 14

Required Readings
Sampat, Payal. Last Words World Watch (May/June 2001): 33–40.

Terralingua Luisa Maffi biography
This site has been linked to information maintained by Terralingua at

Supplementary Materials
Patrick, Peter L. "Linguistic Perspectives on Human Rights Issues." Linguistic Human Rights: A Sociolinguistic Introduction. Colchester, UK: University of Essex, 2005.

General Supplementary Materials and Works Cited

The following annotated bibliography lists selected works that will be useful research resources for your assignments.
This is an excellent collection of articles on the relation of globalization to language teaching. Specific local contexts discussed include Japan, England, and Canada. Teaching methods, course materials, second- language acquisition, global communication, and global literacy are also addressed in the context of teaching and globalization. View review and contents.

This reproduces fifteen very influential articles on various topics including world Englishes, workplace technologies, EIL, the future of Englishes, genre and power, EIL, TESOL, literacy, and linguistics. View review and contents.

This contains twenty-six chapters on every aspect of language use in Canada. It provides detailed analyses of the linguistic make-up of each province, and includes chapters on bilingualism, multiculturalism, varieties of English and French, heritage languages, and Indigenous/Native languages in Canada. It is a valuable reference work. View contents and description.
English in a Changing World. Oxford: Catchline, 1999.
This is a good introductory work on linguistics for ESL/EFL teachers. View description.
This is an excellent guide to the world-Englishes debate. Its publisher states that it assumes no prior knowledge and includes an overview of the subject, study questions, and - like Tom McArthur's The Oxford Guide to World Englishes (see below) - it contains sample analyses as well. It also provides a valuable section on further readings arranged by subject. View description and contents.
Originally published in French by the Office of French Language of the Government of Quebec, this work is a valuable collection of twenty-one articles on various subjects related to languages in the context of globalization processes. Highlights include forecasting the fate of languages, language policy and linguistics theory, the impact of regional economic integration (for example, NAFTA, FTAA) on languages, and Esperanto as one of several possible geostrategies of interlingualism. View contents and description.
See this work for detailed analyses of the development of world Englishes in virtually every sector of our globe.
This is a good single-volume general history of the English language. View description.
This collection of essays explores diverse aspects of contemporary language policies in various specific local contexts including South Africa, Australia, colonial environments, and the United States, as well as in developing nations such as Sri Lanka and India. Various authors represented in this work appear throughout MAIS 618, in either the required or the supplementary readings, including Alastair Pennycook, Robert Phillipson, A. Suresh Canagarajah, and Selma Sonntag. View contents and description and review.
This work is good on the subject of globalization. It also emphasizes the local impact and implications of the globalization of English, and thus is useful in relation to MAIS 618's emphasis on the impact of English as an international language's always being felt in specific local contexts. View contents.
This collection contains articles on critical issues in educational language policy and planning in the United States, Canada, Hong Kong, Australia, North India, Yugoslavia, Japan, Vietnam, Korea, and Africa. View review.
In this article, Fettes writes that "Esperanto is a living reality for its community of users" (43). It can be seen as just one of several "interlingual ideas" that can be linked in an "overarching geostrategy [that] might be termed `language ecology'" (44). This article will be helpful to students interested in Esperanto as a universal language complementary to English.

Note that as well as being the author of one of our articles in Unit 13, Fettes is also the Executive Director of the Washington, DC, based Esperantic Studies Foundation. Students interested in Esperanto will find the Web site of the Esperantic Studies Foundation helpful. Fettes is also an Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Education, Simon Fraser University. For further information on Fettes, see the "Web Sites" section below.
This article may be helpful to students interested in language ecology. The article includes a brief bibliography. See also the following link to more of Fettes's work.
Web Sites
Students interested in the politics, sociology, history, role, and function of English in Africa (including Uganda, Ghana, and South Africa) may want to browse this Web site for research resources for these specific local contexts.
In assessing the impact of the global spread of English, an early and, unfortunately, often overlooked chapter in this complex historical process is "the translation of the Christian Bible into English, and the linguistic, political, religious, and cultural forces that translation unleashed." This is a very rich and important subject and one that may engage some students. contains many resources for researching the world's languages, and will be of value throughout MAIS 618, and in Units 11 through 13 in particular. is comprised of several elements: the Ethnologue reference work cataloguing all of the world's known living languages; language maps providing information about the locations of the world's living languages, including most of the countries of the world; and an extensive bibliography with citations for thousands of works with additional information about the languages of the world.
This is a bibliography of works on language preservation, diversity, planning, global English, and the English-only movement.
This site provides a bibliography of sources on international and/or world Englishes.
This is the most authoritative and extensive online resource for linguistics-related matters. This peer-reviewed graduate student- and professor-run site provides many links to full-text articles, conferences, and important Internet sites related to English and linguistics (see the upper navigation bar).
In the fall of 2001, the online journal TESL-EJ hosted an online discussion forum that explored the topic of linguistic imperialism.
Students with an interest in teaching English to speakers of other languages may find this Web site useful. It is the official Web site of the global-education association known as TESOL. A Canadian association with similar aims and principles is TESL Canada (
Operating in partnership with the Global English Newsletter (see below) the EL Gazette publishes a monthly digest of Global English Newsletter items. As their Web site tells us (see "About"), "The English Language Gazette is a subscription-based monthly printed newspaper. Distributed in over 100 countries . . . each edition is packed with news, features, classroom resources, teaching materials and teaching tips."
This online monthly journal is also a Web site that provides articles, research papers, lessons plans, classroom handouts, teaching ideas, and a collection of TESL-related links. It gives a useful list of acronyms related to English teaching (see the bottom of the page).
Note: TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) is an international organization that publishes a series of scholarly periodicals for the English language teaching community including the following three entries. For more information on TESOL, see their homepage.
View tables of content and abstracts.
Students with an interest in the intersection of TESOL and applied linguistics can find an array of scholarly full-text articles, reviews, and forum discussions at this site. Note the further "Resources" available via the upper navigation bar.
This is probably the single most valuable journal for research and publication in the field of world Englishes and/or English as a global language.
Writing Sources