HIST 377: Modern China Report a Broken Link

Welcome to Global Studies 377/History 377: Modern China, a three credit, senior level course which surveys the history of China from the collapse of the Qing dynasty to the era of Deng Xiaoping. The course is centred around Jonathan D. Spence’s textbook, The Search for Modern China. In the six units of the course, we consider major events such as the Hundred Day Reforms (1898), the Boxer Uprising (1900), the 1911 Revolution, the warlord era, the Sino Japanese War, the founding of the People’s Republic and the creation of another China on the island of Taiwan. As you work through the course, you will gain a basic understanding of modern developments in China in the context of its own historical past, and from a Canadian and global perspective. Academic support in Global Studies 377/History 377:Modern China is provided by means of this Student Manual and a Study Guide for the course, which is provided in the course package, along with the Spence textbook. You will also receive academic support through a tutor whom you may call collect for assistance with any aspect of the course. Although there are no prerequisites for this course, it is recommended that you complete Global Studies 307/History 307: The Pacific Century before this course. Students taking this course are expected to have university level research and writing skills. Research and writing are important components in Global Studies 377/History 377: Modern China. The written assignments develop critical skills with which to assess themes such as modernization impulses, continuities of the past in China's present, intrusion of the west, nationalism and regionalism, and revolution and economic transformation. In addition to completing the required reading assignments for the six units of the course, you will research and write two essay assignments. Evaluation of students in the course is based on these two assignments and on an invigilated, three hour “closed book” final examination. Note: These course materials have been designed for students who are taking the individualized study version of this course. Students who are in a grouped study environment should follow the course outline, study schedule, and learning activities provided by their instructor.

Unit 1


Required Readings
Late Imperial China and the Collapse of the Qing Dynasty
Jennifer Jay. Study Guide:Twentieth-century China--From the Fall of the Manchu Qing to the Death of Deng Xiaoping 1-36
Jonathan D. Spence. Textbook. The Search for Modern China (New York, 1999) xix-xxv, xxxi, 141-143, 145-166, 167-191, 192-214, 215-242
Digital China Havard. Opium War
Lin Zexu. Letter to Queen Victoria
Supplementary Readings
Sinologists and the Writing of China’s History
Cohen, Paul A. Discovering History in China: American Historical Writing on the Recent Chinese Past.New York: Columbia University Press, 1984.
Leys, Simon. The Burning Forest. New York: Henry Holt, 1985.
The West and Opium Wars
Brook, Timothy and Bob Wakabayashi, eds. Opium Regimes: China, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
Chesneaux, Jean, et al. China from the Opium Wars to the 1911 Revolution. New York: Random House, 1976.
Taiping, Boxer, and other Rebellions and Uprisings
Cohen, Paul A. History in Three Keys. The Boxers as Event, Experience, and Myth. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.
Esherick, Joseph W. The Origins of the Boxer Uprising. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981.
Price, Eva Jane. China Journal 1889–1900: An American Missionary Family during the Boxer Rebellion. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1989.
Scalapino, Robert A., and George T. Yu. Modern China and its Revolutionary Process: Recurrent Challenges to the Traditional Order, 1850–1920. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.
Reformers and Reform Movements to 1911
Kwong, Luke S. K. A Mosaic of the Hundred Days: Personalities, Politics, and the Ideas of 1898. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984.
Schwartz, Benjamin. In Search of Wealth and Power: Yen Fu and the West. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1964.
Wakeman, Frederic, Jr. Strangers at the Gate. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966.
Canadian Missionary Experience in China
Austin, Alvyn J. Saving China: Canadian Missionaries in the Middle Kingdom, 1888-1959. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1986.
Stursberg, Peter. The Golden Hope. Christians in China. Toronto: the United Church Publishing House, 1987.
Pei Minglong. China the Beautiful

Unit 2


Required Readings
Nationalist Revolution, Warlordism, Cultural Renaissance, 1905–28
Jennifer Jay. Study Guide:Twentieth-century China--From the Fall of the Manchu Qing to the Death of Deng Xiaoping 1-36
Jonathan D. Spence. Textbook: The Search for Modern China (New York, 1999): 243-263, 267-270,271-283,284-289,323-330.
Lu Xun. Selected Stories of Lu Xun
Supplementary Readings
Sun Yat-sen and the 1911 Revilution
Chang, Sidney H., and Leonard H. D. Gordon. All Under Heaven: Sun Yat sen and His Revolutionary Thought. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1991. DS 777 .C456 1991
Cheng, Chu yuan, ed. Sun Yat sen’s Doctrine in the Modern World. Boulder: Westview, 1989.
Esherick, Joseph. Reform and Revolution in China: The 1911 Revolution in Hunan and Hubei. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Gasster, Michael. Reform and Revolution in China: The 1911 Revolution in Hunan and Hubei. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Hsueh, Chun tu. Huang Hsing and the Chinese Revolution. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1961.
Rankin, Mary Backus. Early Chinese Revolutionaries: Radical Intellectuals in Shanghai and Chekiang, 1902–1911. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971.
Wakeman, Frederic. The Fall of Imperial China. New York: Free Press, 1975.
Yuan Shikai and Warlordism
McCord, Edward A. The Power of the Gun. The Emergence of Modern Chinese Warlordism. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.
Nathan, A. Peking Politics, 1918–1923. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976.
Pye, Lucian W. Warlord Politics: Conflict and Coalition in the Modernization of Republican China. New York: Praeger, 1971.
Sheridan, James. E. Chinese Warlord: The Career of Feng Yu hsiang. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1966.
Wilbur, C. Martin. The Nationalist Revolution in China, 1923–1928. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Intellectual Revolution and the May Fourth Movement
Alitto, Guy S. The Last Confucian: Liang Shu ming and the Chinese Dilemma of Modernity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.
Chow, Tse tsung. The May Fourth Movement: Intellectual Revolution in Modern China. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964.
Cohen, Paul A. Between Tradition and Modernity. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987.
Levenson, Joseph R. Confucian China and Its Modern Fate. 3 Volumes. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1958, 1964, 1965.
Schwarcz, Vera. The Chinese Enlightenment: Intellectuals and the Legacy of the May Fourth Movement. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.
Schwartz, Benjamin I., ed. Reflections on the May Fourth Movement: A Symposium. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1972.

Unit 3


Required Readings
The Nationalists (Guomindang) and Communists (CCP)
Jennifer Jay. Study Guide:Twentieth-century China--From the Fall of the Manchu Qing to the Death of Deng Xiaoping 63-88
Jonathan D. Spence. Textbook: The Search for Modern China (New York, 1999): 314-341,342-374,375-409, 413-417,419,458,459-488
Internet East Asia History Source Book. Works of Mao ZeDong
Supplementary Readings
The rise of Communism in China
Boyle, John. China and Japan at War, 1937–45: The Politics of Collaboration. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1972.
Hung, Chang tai. and Popular Culture: Resistance in Modern China, 1937–1945. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
China Under Guomindang Rule
Alber, Charles J. Enduring the Revolution: Ding Ling and the Politics of Literature in Guomindang China. Westport: Praeger, 2002.
Pepper, Suzanne. Civil War in China. The Political Struggle 1945-1949. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.
Tuchman, Barbara W. Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911–45. New York: Bantam, 1971.
Wilbur, C. Martin. The Nationalist Revolution in China, 1923–1928. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Unit 4


Required Readings
China under Mao: Mass Campaigns and Cultural Revolution, 1949-76
Jennifer Jay. Study Guide:Twentieth-century China--From the Fall of the Manchu Qing to the Death of Deng Xiaoping 90-116
Jonathan D. Spence. Textbook: The Search for Modern China (New York, 1999): 489-513,514-543,544-564,565-586,589-593,595-610.
Digital China/Harvard. Virtual Museum of Culture Revolution
Supplementary Readings
Mao Zedong and Chinese Communism
Salisbury, Harrison E. The Long March: The Untold Story. New York: McGraw Hill, 1985.
Dorothy J. Solinger. Three visions of Chinese socialism / [edited by]. Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press, c1984.
Robert Jay Lifton. Thought reform and the psychology of totalism : a study of "brainwashing" in China. Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 1989, c1961.
Maurice Meisner. Marxism, Maoism, and utopianism : eight essays. Madison : University of Wisconsin Press, 1982.
Women and Family in the Social Revolution
Ching, Frank. Ancestors: 900 Years in the Life of a Chinese Family. New York: William Morrow, 1988.
Croll, Elizabeth. Chinese Women Since Mao. London: Zed, 1983.
Johnson, Day Ann. Women, the Family, and Peasant Revolution in China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983.
Wolf, Margery. Revolution Postponed: Women in Contemporary China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1985.
Peasants and Workers in People’s China
Chalmbers A. Johnson. Peasant nationalism and communist power : the emergence of revolutionary China. Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, c1962.
Hinton, William. Fanshen. A Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese Village. New York: Vintage Books, 1966.
The Cultural Revolution, 1966–76
Feng Jicai. Voices from the Whirlwind: An Oral History of the Chinese Cultural Revolution. New York: Random House, 1991.
Jin, Qiu. The Culture of Power: the Lin Biao Icident in the Cultural Revolution. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999.
Tsou, Tang. The Cultural Revolution and Post Mao Reforms: A Historical Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Unit 5


Required Readings
China under Deng Xiaoping: Open Door and Economic Reform, 1976-97
Jennifer Jay. Study Guide:Twentieth-century China--From the Fall of the Manchu Qing to the Death of Deng Xiaoping 117-146
Jonathan D. Spence. Textbook: The Search for Modern China (New York, 1999): 611-617,618-646,647-676,677-704,705-728.
Tiananmen Massacre 1989
Supplementary Readings
Deng Xiaoping and the Post 1978 Economic Reforms
Kraux, Richard Curt. Pianos and Politics in China: Middle class Ambitions and the Struggle over Western Music. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Schell, Orville. To Get Rich Is Glorious: China in the Eighties. New York: Pantheon Books, 1984.
Terrill, Ross. China in Our Time: The Epic Saga of the People’s Republic from the Communist Victory to Tiananmen Square and Beyond. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992.
China Economic Information Network. China Economy
Intellectuals, Human Rights, and the Pro-democracy Movement
Cheng, Chu yuan. Behind the Tiananmen Massacre: Social, Political, and Economic Ferment in China. Boulder: Westview, 1990.
Ching, Julia. Probing China’s Soul: Religion, Politics, and Protest in the People’s Republic. San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1990.
Daedalus 122, number 2 (Spring 1993). Special Issue on China in Transformation.
Edwards, R. Randle, Louis Henkin, and Andrew J. Nathan. Human Rights in Contemporary China. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.
Nathan, Andrew J. Chinese Democracy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.
Modern Chinese Writers and Fiction
Chao Lien & Jim Wong-Chu (Eds). Strike the Wok: An Anthology of Contemporary Chinese Canadian Fiction. Toronto: TSAR Publications, 2003. Call # PS 8235 .C5 S916 2003
Feng, Jin. The New Woman in Early Twentieth-Century Chinese Fiction. [Electronic Resource] West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University Press, 2004.
Lee, Leo Ou-fan. The Romantic Generation of Modern Chinese Writers. Ann Arbor, Mich: UMI Books on Demand, 1997. Call # PL 2277 .L478 1997
Shi, Shumei. The Lure of the Modern: Writing Modernism in Semicolonial China, 1917-1937. Berkeley: University of California Press, c2001.
Wang, Dewei David. The Monster That Is History: History, Violence, and Fictional Writing in Twentieth-Century China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.
Biographies of Personalities from Modern China
Alitto, Guy S. The Last Confucian: Liang Shu ming and the Chinese Dilemma of Modernity, 2nd ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.
Cheng, Nien. Life and Death in Shanghai. London: Grafton, 1986.
Lee, Ching Hua (Patrick). Deng Xiaoping: The Marxist Road to the Forbidden City. Princeton, NJ: Kingston, 1985.
Yue, Daiyun and Carolyn Wakeman. To The Storm: Odyssey of a Revolutionary Chinese Woman. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.

Unit 6


Required Readings
Minorities and the Other Chinas
Jennifer Jay. Study Guide:Twentieth-century China--From the Fall of the Manchu Qing to the Death of Deng Xiaoping 147-171
Jonathan D. Spence. Textbook: The Search for Modern China (New York, 1999):623-630,631-640,675-676,208-214,236-240.
Annenberg foundation. Bridging the World History: Unit 26
Supplementary Readings
Minorities in the People’s Republic
Moser, Leo J. The Chinese mosaic : the peoples and provinces of China. Boulder, Colo. : Westview Press, c1985.
Dru C. Gladney. Ethnic identity in China : the making of a Muslim minority nationality. Fort Worth, TX ; Toronto, c1998.
Dalai Lama XIV. Freedom in Exile: The Autobiography of the Dalai Lama. New York: Harper Collins, 1990.
Hong Kong and Macao
David R. Meyer . Hong Kong as a global metropolis [electronic resource] Cambridge, UK ; New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Steve Tsang. A modern history of Hong Kong [electronic resource] London ; New York : I.B. Tauris, c2003.
Thomas S. Axworthy. Herman B. Leonard. Accountability in Hong Kong [electronic resource] : transiting from colony to democracy. Vancouver, B.C. : Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada, c2005.
Taiwan’s Economic Miracle and Democratization
Bush, Richard C. Untying the Knot. Making Peace in the Taiwan Strait. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2005.
Wade, Robert. Governing the Market: Economic Theory and the Role of Government in East Asian Industrialization. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.
The Chinese Diaspora and Canada
Cannon, Margaret. China Tide: The Revealing Story of the Hong Kong Exodus to Canada. Toronto: HarperCollins, 1989.
Chong, Denise. The Concubine's Children: Portrait of a Family Divided. Toronto: Penguin Books, 1994.
Chan, Anthony B. Gold Mountain: The Chinese in the New World. Vancouver: New Star, 1983.
Choy, Wayson. Paper Shadows. A Chinatown Childhood. Toronto: Viking, 1999.
Evans, Paul, and B. Michael Frolic, eds. Reluctant Adversaries: Canada and the People’s Republic of China 1949–70. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991.
Lee, Sky. The Disappearing Moon Cafe. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 1990.
Li, Peter S. The Chinese in Canada. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Wah, Fred. 1996. Diamond Grill. Edmonton: NeWest, 1996.
Wickberg, Edgar, et al., Eds. From China to Canada: A History of the Chinese Communities in Canada. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1982.
Yee, Paul. Saltwater City. An Illustrated History of the Chinese in Vancouver. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1988.

Unit 7


Essay Assignments