CRJS 492: Criminal Organizations Report a Broken Link

Criminal Justice 492: Criminal Organizations provides a comprehensive overview of Organized Crime. Organized crime is a dynamic, ever-changing social phenomenon and much debate exists regarding what it is, how it should be defined, and which social policies are most effective in controlling it.

Criminal Justice 492 examines organized crime around the world by looking at various types of criminal groups, including Street Gangs and Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs, and Italian, Latino, Asian, and Russian criminal groups. The course discusses major investigations of organized crime activities, and it explores legal strategies that have been developed to combat them. The course demystifies the world of organized crime by analysing it closely and critically from a social perspective.

The following items comprise a significant part of the assigned reading for the course. Note the readings that appear under the heading “Required Readings.” You are responsible for this material. Additional required reading is assigned from the course textbook. Supplementary readings and relevant websites are provided for most units. You may access this Digital Reading Room from the Library website or from your online course materials for Criminal Justice 492.

Unit 1: Attempting to Define Organized Crime


All required reading for Unit 1 is from the course textbook.
Supplementary Readings
Focus on the reports from 2005 to the present. Click on the format in which you wish to open the report. The reports prior to 2005 (1997 to 2004) can be found in the archive section of the CISC home page. The CISC home page is found at http://www.cisc.gc.ca/index_e.html.
The United Nations Crime and Justice Information Network (UNCJIN) home page is found at http://www.uncjin.org/.

Unit 2: Explaining Organized Crime


All required reading for Unit 2 is from the course textbook.
Supplementary Readings
The Klaus von Lampe home page is found at http://freenet-homepage.de/kvlampe/. The freenet host home page is found at http://www.freenet.de/dienste/homepage/index.html.

Unit 3: The History of Organized Crime


All required reading for Unit 3 is from the course textbook.
No supplementary materials have been designated for Unit 3.

Unit 4: Street Gangs


Required Readings

Click on “Table of Contents,” and then click on “Feature Focus: Street Gangs in Canada.” The CISC home page is found at http://www.cisc.gc.ca/index_e.html.

Click on “PDF” if you wish to read this article in PDF format. The Public Safety Canada home page is found at http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/index-eng.aspx.
Click on “PDF” if you wish to read the article in PDF format. The Public Safety Canada home page is found at http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/index-eng.aspx.

Click on “PDF Format” if you wish to read the article in PDF format. The RCMP home page is found at http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/index-eng.htm.

Supplementary Readings
The RCMP home page is found at http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/index-eng.htm.
The Public Safety Canada home page is found at http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/index-eng.aspx.
The Province of Manitoba home page is found at http://www.gov.mb.ca/index.html.
The University of Calgary home page is found at http://www.ucalgary.ca/.
The US Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Assistance home page is found at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/BJA/.
The National Youth Gang Center merged with the National Gang Center in October 2009. The website is made possible by funds received from the Bureau of Justice Assistance and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, US Department of Justice. The Bureau of Justice Assistance home page is found at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/BJA/.

The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention home page is found at http://ojjdp.ncjrs.org/.
The National Youth Gang Center merged with the National Gang Center in October 2009. The NCJRS home page is found at http://www.ncjrs.gov/.
Website funding provided by Edmonton Police Foundation. The Edmonton Police Service home page is found at http://www.edmontonpolice.ca/.
The British Columbia Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General home page is found at http://www.gov.bc.ca/pssg/.
The Correctional Service of Canada home page is found at http://www.csc-scc.gc.ca/text/index-eng.shtml.

Unit 5 : Italian Organized Crime


Required Readings
The Max Planck Gesellschaft home page is found at http://www.mpg.de/english/portal/index.html.
Supplementary Readings
The Centro Siciliano di Documentazione home page is found at http://www.centroimpastato.it/index.php3.

Unit 6: Latino Organized Crime


Required Readings
The USAID home page is found at http://www.usaid.gov/about_usaid/.
Supplementary Readings
This CRS report was prepared for Members and Committees of the US Congress. The Federation of American Scientists home page is found at http://ftp.fas.org/.
The Yahoo! Directory home page is found at http://dir.yahoo.com/.

Unit 7: Russian and Eastern European Organized Crime


All required reading for Unit 7 is from the course textbook.
Supplementary Readings
The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) home page is found at http://csis.org/.
The National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) home page is found at http://www.ncjrs.gov/.
TraCCC is hosted at the School of Public Policy, George Mason University. The George Mason University home page is found at http://www.gmu.edu/.

Unit 8: Asian Organized Crime


All required reading for Unit 8 is from the course textbook.
Supplementary Readings
The National Criminal Justice Reference Service home page is found at http://www.ncjrs.gov/.
The National Criminal Justice Reference Service home page is found at http://www.ncjrs.gov/.
Japan News and Discussion
The Yahoo! Directory home page is found at http://dir.yahoo.com/.

Unit 9: Outlaw Motorcycle Groups


Required Readings
The Ministry of the Attorney General, Province of Ontario home page is found at http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/.
Supplementary Readings

Unit 10


Required Readings

OC Criminal Enterprises 10-A: Human Trafficking and Human Smuggling
The Government of Canada Depository Services Program home page is found at http://dsp-psd.pwgsc.gc.ca/.
OC Criminal Enterprises 10-B: Money Laundering

The Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada (FINTRAC) home page is found at http://www.fintrac-canafe.gc.ca/intro-eng.asp.

OC Criminal Enterprises 10-C: The Drug Trade
Click on “HTML” or “PDF” to view the report. This report was prepared by National Intelligence Analysis, Criminal Intelligence, Royal Canadian Mounted Police. The RCMP home page is found at http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/index-eng.htm.
The Public Safety Canada home page is found at http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/index-eng.aspx.

Supplementary Readings

OC Criminal Enterprises 10-A: Human Trafficking and Human Smuggling
The Atomz Site Search home page is found at http://www.atomz.com/.
The RCMP home page is found at http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/.
Click on “Text version” or “PDF version” if you wish to read the article in these formats. The Department of Justice Canada home page is found at http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/index.html.
This report is made available in electronic form by the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS). The NCJRS home page is found at http://www.ncjrs.gov/.
The Prostitutes’ Education Network home page is found at http://bayswan.org/.
The Pan American Health Organization home page is found at http://new.paho.org/hq/index.php?lang=en.
HumanTrafficking.org is a web resource for combatting human trafficking. The HumanTrafficking.org project is implemented by the Academy for Educational Development (AED). The HumanTrafficking.org home page is found at http://www.humantrafficking.org/.
The US Department of State home page is found at http://www.state.gov/.
OC Criminal Enterprises 10-B: Money Laundering
Click on “Full Text (PDF)” to view the entire article.

Click on “View HTML” or View PDF” to view the entire article.

The Department of Justice Canada home page is found at http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/index.html.
The Criminal Intelligence Service Canada (CISC) home page is found at http://www.cisc.gc.ca/index_e.html.
The FATF/GAFI home page is found at http://www.fatf-gafi.org/pages/0,2987,en_32250379_32235720_1_1_1_1_1,00.html.
The Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada (FINTRAC) home page is found at http://www.fintrac-canafe.gc.ca/intro-eng.asp.
The UNODC home page is found at http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/money-laundering/index.html.
The Nathanson Centre is part of the Osgoode Hall Law School, York University. The Osgoode Hall Law School home page is found at http://www.osgoode.yorku.ca/.
Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and Combatting the Financing of Terrorism (CFT). The World Bank home page is found at http://www.worldbank.org/.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) home page is found at http://www.unodc.org/.
OC Criminal Enterprises 10-C: The Drug Trade
The US Department of State home page is found at http://www.state.gov/p/inl/.
The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) home page is found at http://www.incb.org/.
The International Task Force on Strategic Drug Policy (ITFSDP) home page is found at http://www.itfsdp.org/.
Donald MacPherson is the Drug Policy Coordinator, City of Vancouver. The City of Vancouver home page is found at http://vancouver.ca/.
Click on “Full Text (PDF)” to view the article.
Click on “Full report English” to view the report. The UNODC home page is found at http://www.unodc.org/.
The US Department of Justice home page is found at http://www.usdoj.gov/.

Unit 11: Canada’s Response to Organized Crime


Required Readings
Click on “PDF Full Text” to view the article.
Supplementary Readings
The Government of Canada Depository Services Program website is found at http://dsp-psd.pwgsc.gc.ca/index-e.html.
The Public Safety Canada home page is found at http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/index-eng.aspx.
The United Nations Crime and Justice Information Network home page is found at http://www.uncjin.org/.