MDDE 622: Openness in Distance Education Report a Broken Link

Week 1 Defining Openness Readings and Resources

McGill, L., & Currier, S. (2012). Learning Environments Timeline: The JISC CETIS view. other voices Cetis blog for guest posts.

 A brief introduction to open education resources (David Wiley - 20+ min video)

Open Educational Resources – Conceptual Issues. Giving knowledge for free: The emergence of Open Educational Resources (2007). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation. (pdf download)
Hatakka, M. (2009). Build it and they will come? - Inhibiting factors for reuse of open content in developing countries. The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 37(5),1-16.(pdf download)
Raymond, E. S. (2005). The Cathedral and the Bazaar. First Monday, special issue #2.

Week 2 Defining Openness II Readings

History of Open University. Open University. (pdf download)
Mackie, C. J. (n.d.). Open source in open education: Promises and challenges. In T. Iiyoshi & M. S. V. Kumar, Opening up Education, (pp. 119-132). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.(pdf download)
Open source definition (annotated). Open Source Initiative.
Atkins, D. E., Brown, J. S., & Hammond A. L. (2007). A review of the Open Educational Resources (OER) movement: Achievements, challenges, and new opportunities. A report to The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.(pdf download)
Geser, G. (2012). Ongoing discussion for a comprehensive definition of Open Educational Resources. In Open Educational Practices and Resources, (pp. 21-23). OLCOS Roadmap 2012. (pdf download)
Caswell, T., Henson, S., Jensen, M., & Wiley, D. (2008). Open Educational Resources: Enabling universal education. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning (IRRODL), 9(1).
Yan, L., MacNeill, S., & Kraan, W., (2008). Open Educational Resources - opportunities and challenges for higher education. JISC CETIS. (pdf download)

Week 3 Licensing and Content Protection 1 Readings

Fogel, K. (n.d.). The surprising history of Copyright and the promise of a post-copyright world. Question Copyright .org
Against perpetual copyright. LessigWiki.

LaSalle, L. Documentary: RIP: Remix Manifesto. (Some language concerns.)

Lessig, L. (2002). <free culture>.  The O'Reilly Open Source Conference July 24, 2002. This is a 30 minute presentation.
About the licenses: What our licenses do. Creative Commons.

Week 4 Licensing and Content Protection II Readings

Fitzgerald, B. (2007). Open Content Licensing for Open Educational Resources. Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI). (pdf)
Copyright and open licences (2007). Giving knowledge for free: The emergence of Open Educational Resources. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Borrell, B., (2009). Open-source textbooks a mixed bag in California. Scientific American.

Baraniuk, R. (2006). The birth of the open source learning revolution. TED conference.

Week 5 Models for Developing Open Resources I Readings

Benkler, Y. (2005). Common wisdom: Peer production of educational resources. COSL Press. (pdf)
Wiley, D. (2009). When the “Wiki-way” = Poor quality. lumen
Downes, S. (2007). Models for sustainable Open Educational Resources. Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects, 3. (pdf)

Week 6 Models for Developing Open Resources II Readings

OpenLearn Research Report 2006 - 2008. Open University. (pdf)
Walker, E. (n.d.). Evaluating the results of Open Education. In T. Iiyoshi, & M. S. V. Kumar, Opening up Education. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.
Bruns, A. (n.d.). Produsage: Towards a broader framework for user-led content creation.

Week 7 Searching for Open Resources I Readings

Jorum, Jisc.
OCW Finder, (a search engine that locates open courses). Open Education Consortium.
OER Commons. Open Educational Resources.
OER Dynamic Search Engines (for higher education materials). Tidewater Community College.
Porter, D. (n.d.). Finding free and open licensed digital images. oerworkshop.

Week 8 Searching for Open Resources II Readings

101 Open Educational Resources
Finding OER

Week 9 Scholarship I Readings

Daniels, J. (2013). Legacy vs. Digital Models of Academic Scholarship. Just Publics @365.

Please follow these steps to read the Daniels blog post which we read and annotate as group through Hypothesis.

1. Go to Hypothesis and set up your own free account.

2. Use this url to access the MDDE 622 group (i.e. only open to our class members) to read and annotate the Daniels' blog.

3. As you read, highlight and make reading annotations. I have entered 2 to model what is expected. Make these annotations to reflect questions you have, insights gained, connections you made to other readings or ideas. Insert a graphic, or a url if you like, or keep things simple.

4. Make about 4-5 annotations and read what others have annotated.

5. In our Moodle discussion forum for Weeks 9 and 10, discuss both the blog post and what it was like to use Hypothesis.

6. Check here for additional information about how to use Hypothesis as a teacher (  and with your students. Hypothesis uses OSS and is free. It is a tool that highlights Open Pedagogical practices.

Supplemental (Optional) Readings
Stratified Economics of Open Access. (pdf)

This article overlaps with week 5 & 6, but it is used here as a review and in order to introduce self-archiving and open scholarship.

The Nature of Scholarship

This is a web version of Martin Weller's text - it is not the most pleasant interface, but kudos to the company for making an accessible version available.

Week 10 Scholarship II Readings

Anderson, R., & McConkey, B. (2009). Development of Disruptive Open Access Journals. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 39(3).
Weller, M. (2011). Public Engagement as Collateral Damage. In The digital scholar: How technology is transforming scholarly practice. London UK: Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.
Altmetrics: A manifesto. Altmetrics17 Workshop.

Week 11 Openness and Systemic Change Readings

Lee, S. D. (n.d.). The gates are shut: Technical and cultural barriers to open education. In T. Iiyoshi, & M. S. V. Kumar, Opening up Education, pp. 47-60. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.
Casserly, C. M., & Smith, M. S. (n.d.). Revolutionizing education through innovation: Can openness transform teaching and learning? In T. Iiyoshi, & M. S. V. Kumar, Opening up Education, pp. 261-276. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.
How to build a case for university policies and practices in support of Open Access. Jisc.

Week 12 Trends in Openness in Education Readings

Huber, M. T., & Hutchings, P. (n.d.). What's next for open knowledge? In T. Iiyoshi, & M. S. V. Kumar, Opening up Education, pp. 417-428. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.
Wiley, D. (n.d.). 2005-2012: Open course wars. In T. Iiyoshi, & M. S. V. Kumar, Opening up Education, pp. 247-260. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.
Anderson, C. (2008). Free! Why $0.00 is the future of business. Wired.
What you need to know about MOOCs, (2012). The Chronicle of Higher Education.