HIST 407 / HUMN 407: The Enlightenment Report a Broken Link

Unit 1 – The Eighteenth Century: State and Society


Hufton, Olwyn. "Life and Death among the Very Poor." In The Eighteenth Century: Europe in the Age of Enlightenment, edited by Alfred Cobban, pp. 282-311. London: Thames and Hudson, 1969.

Unit 2 – The Eighteenth Century: Culture, Religion, and Rationalism


Pappe, Hellmut. "Enlightenment." Dictionary of the History of Ideas. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973.
Kant, Immanuel. "An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment?" Practical Philosophy. Translated and edited by Mary J. Gregor, Cambridge University Press. 1996. 

Unit 5 – Elightenment and Thought: Primary Sources


Voltaire. Excerpts from Philosophical Letters: "On Chancellor Bacon"; "On Mr. Locke"; "On Descartes and Newton"; "On the System of Attraction"; "On the Pensees of M. Pascal." In Phil osophical Letters, translated by Ernest Dilworth, pp. 46-74 and 119-127. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1961.
Voltaire. Excerpts from Philosophical Dictionary (1): "Christianity, historical researches into Christianity"; "Miracles"; "Philosopher"; "Solomon"; "Superstition." In Philosophical Dictionary, edited and translated by Theodore Besterman, pp. 115--141, 311-317, 334-338, 364-373, 382-385. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972.
Voltaire. Excerpts from Philosophical Dictionary (II): "The Story of the Banishing of the Jesuits from China"; "On the Trinity"; "Religion." In Introduction to Contemporary Civilization in the West, Vol. l, 3rd ed., pp.l189-1196. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Excerpts from Emile, "The Creed of a Savoyard Priest." In The Essential Rousseau, translated by Lowell Bair, pp. 233–238, 241- 242, 244- 253, 258- 265, 270- 276, 281- 287. New York: Signet, 1974.
Hume, David. Excerpts from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, edited by Henry D. Aiken, pp. 5–19, 34–36, 39–44, 48, 50–51, 57–60, 66–79, 91–95. New York: Hafner, 1948.
Helvetius, Claude. Excerpts from A Treatise on Man. In Introduction to Contemporary Civilization in the West, Vol. 1, 3rd edition, pp. 1114 1134. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.
Diderot, Denis. Excerpts from "Refutation of Helvetius' Treatise on Man." In Introduction to Contemporary Civilization in the West, Vol. 1, 3rd edition, pp. 113 1144. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.
Hume, David. Excerpts from An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals. In Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding and Concerning the Principles of Morals, 3rd edition, edited by L. A. Selby-Bigge, pp.169-179, 181-190,192-195,201-204,280-294. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975.
Kant, Emmanuel. Excerpts from Critique of Pure Reason, translated by J. M. D. Meikljohn, pp. 8–20. London, J. M. Dent and Sons, 1934.
Kant, Emmanuel. Excerpts from Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals, translated by Thomas K. Abbott, pp. 3–6, 11–12, 14–21, 24–33, 36–42, 45–50, 54–55, 63–65, 67, 69–73, 78–80. New York: The Liberal Arts Press, 1949.

Unit 6 – Primary Sources on Politics and Economics


Swift, Jonathan. A Modest Proposal.
Swift, Jonathan. "A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms," Gulliver's Travels.
Voltaire. Excerpts from Philosophical Dictionary (1): "Natural Law"; "On Toleration." In Introduction to Contemporary Civilization in the West, Vol. 1, 3rd ed., pp. 1106-1112. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.
Voltaire. Excerpts from Philosophical Dictionary (II): "On Laws"; "Civil and Ecclesiastical Laws"; "Toleration"; "Torture." In Philosophical Dictionary, edited and translated by Theodore Besterman, pp. 281-290, 387-396. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972.
de Montesquieu. Excerpts from Persian Letters, translated by C. J. Betts, pp. 53-61,72--74, 81-82, 91-92,158-159,175-178,187-197, 216-223, 233-235, 241-242, 244-245, 286-287. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1973.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, Excerpts from The Social Contract. In The Social Contract and Discourse on the Origin and Foundation of INequality Among Mankind, edited by Lester G. Crocker, pp. 5, 7, 11–23, 26–28, 30–36, 38–41, 55–57, 59–64, 68–77, 87–92, 98–101, 109–116, 144–147. New York: Washington Square Press. 1967.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Excerpts from A Discourse on the Origins of Inequality. In The Social Contract and Discourses, translated by G, D, H, Cole, pp. 38–46, 72–105. London: J. M. Dent & Sons, 1973.
Smith, Adam. Excerpts from An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, edited by Edwin Cannan, pp. lvii–ix, 3, 7–16, 397–406, 415–419, 421–425, 429–439. New York: The Modern Library, 1937.
de Condorcet, Jean. Excerpts from The Progress of the Human Mind. In Introduction to Contemporary Civilization in the West, Vol. 1, 3rd ed., pp. 1089-1102. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.
Kant, Immanuel. The Idea of a Universal History on a Cosmopolitan Plan (1784).
Kant, Immanuel. To Perpetual Peace A Philosophical Sketch (1795).